Introduction to Politics
Voting Rights – Lindsay and Glenn, Chapter 4
Before Beginning. When completing Quiz #3, students are allowed to consult only their personal notes and their copy of the Lindsay and Glenn book, Investigating American Democracy.
Matching (10 pts). For each of the following quotations and/or statements, match the name of the author most closely associated with the statement. Enter the correct letters – A, B, C, and so on – in the spaces provided. Each author’s name may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
- Alexander Hamilton Alexis de TocquevilleC. Elizabeth Cady Stanton/Lucretia Mott
- Carol Mosely Braun E. James MadisonF. Chancellor Kent G. Chief Justice Morrison Waite
- An opponent of universal voting rights, _________believed that elections for some state offices should be limited to citizens who own property. To do otherwise, he said, would be a “bold and hazardous experiment.”
- _________“The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.”
- _________ It is clear therefore, we think, that the Constitution has not added the right of suffrage to the privileges and immunities of citizenship as they existed at the time it was adopted.”
- A keen observer of both the American and French Revolutions, _________attributes the “singular prosperity” and “growing strength” of Americans to “the superiority of their women.”
- _________Agreeing, at least in part, with Chancellor Kent’s reluctance to grant voting rights to all citizens, this political thinker said in the 1830s, ”I hold it to be sufficiently demonstrated that universal suffrage is by no means a guarantee of the wisdom of he populace.”
Multiple Choice Items (10 pts). For each of the following, mark the letter corresponding to the one best answer.
- ________The language of the 19th and 26th Amendments expanded the range of American citizens who have the right to vote. The language of the 19th and 26th Amendments expressly limits (constrains and narrows) the power of:
- the national (federal) government.
- state governments.
- the American President.
- the Congress.
- ________In Democracy in America, Alexis de Tocqueville observed that in America men and women perform different though equally important roles in society, a fact he says extends from natural differences between the sexes. It is often said that Tocqueville saw the American version of equality as:
- requiring universal voting rights.
- despotic or tyrannical.
- ________According to Lindsay and Glenn, the editors of Investigating American Democracy, the original United States Constitution (prior to adding any amendments) _____________ the right of African Americans and former slaves to vote.
- denied or prohibited
- expressly recognized
- was silent about
- implied in Article I, section 2
- ________Article I, Section 3, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution (p. 123 of your text), requires that members of the United States Senate be chosen by:
- “the people” in direct, popular elections.
- the legislatures of the states.
- the President.
- lottery, where each adult male citizen has an equal chance of being selected.
- ________The primary impact of the 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is to prevent a circumstance where the President and Vice-President are:
- able to win an election without popular vote majorities.
- non-citizens of the U.S.
- elected to three consecutive terms in office.
- members of two different political parties.
Short Essay (5 pts). In the space below, respond to the following in a 1or 2 paragraph essay. Spend a few minutes reading (or re-reading) the short selection of Federalist 63 provided by Lindsay and Glenn in Chapter 4 of their book. Recall from class discussions that James Madison makes a rather interesting, perhaps counterintuitive, claim in Federalist 63. He asserts thatthe indirect election of the members of the U.S. Senate – i.e., allowing the state legislatures to select the U.S. Senate – is more likely to prevent tyranny and preserve the liberty of the people than would be the case if “the people” were allowed to directly elect the members of the U.S. Senate. How could this be? What special characteristics of the U.S. Senate – if its members are chosen by state legislatures –does Madison see as making it especially able to protect human freedom?