Memory based paragraph

Memory Homework / Demonstration

To complete this exercise, you will need a blank sheet of paper and a pencil. Please follow the instructions exactly. DO NOT GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE UNTIL YOU HAVE COMPLETED THIS PAGE.

Step 1Spend 3 to 5 seconds reading each of the sentences below, and read through the list only once. As soon as you have finished, cover the list and write down as many of the sentences as you can remember (you need not write “can be used” each time). Begin now.

A brick can be used as a doorstop.

A ladder can be used as a bookshelf.

A wine bottle can be used as a candleholder.

A pan can be used as a drum.

A record can be used to serve potato chips.

A guitar can be used as a canoe paddle.

A leaf can be used as a bookmark.

An orange can be used to play catch.

A newspaper can be used to swat flies.

A TV antenna can be used as a clothes rack.

A sheet can be used as a sail.

A boat can be used as a shelter.

A bathtub can be used as a punch bowl.

A flashlight can be used to hold water.

A rock can be used as a paperweight.

A knife can be used to stir paint.

A pen can be used as an arrow.

A barrel can be used as a chair.

A rug can be used as a bedspread.

A phone can be used as an alarm clock.

A scissors can be used to cut grass.

A board can be used as a ruler.

A balloon can be used as a pillow.

A shoe can be used to pound nails.

A dime can be used as a screwdriver.

A lampshade can be used as a hat.

After you have recalled as many sentences as you can on a separate sheet of paper, scroll to the next page and follow the instructions.

Source: From The ideal problem solver by J. D. Bransfordand B. S. Stein (p. 37). © 1984 by W. H. Freeman & Co. Used by permission.

Step 2:Do not look back at the list of sentences on the reverse side. Instead, using the following list as retrieval cues, write down at the bottom of this page as many sentences (from the previous page) as you can remember. Use an additional sheet of paper if you need it. After you have finished, compare the list below with your earlier recall performance (from step 1). Begin now.

flashlight

lampshade

sheet

shoe

rock

guitar

phone

scissors

boat

leaf

dime

brick

wine bottle

knife

board

newspaper

pen

pan

balloon

barrel

ladder

rug

record

orange

TV antenna

Bathtub

Homework Instructions: Complete this activity. When finished, discuss your results and your experience. Then explain your understanding of retrieval cues using the class material and textbook as a reference. You should also find that you can relate your experience to several effortful encoding strategies that were discussed in the memory chapter. Discuss how you can use the information you learned in this exercise to adjust your study habits in the future. Your response should be approximately 1 page, double spaced, with one inch margins.

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