Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party who rose to Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and Führer in 1934. Hitler initiated World War II by invading Poland in September 1939. He was associated with military operations and was the center in the preparation of the Holocaust.
The desperation for the Germans for a strong leader contributed to the rise of Hitler’s Nazi Party. Germany was suffering at the time, due to the hard conditions of the Treaty of Versailles and the Great Depression, which left many under immense financial problems. He used this moment of vulnerability to win over Germany, he used his words to disseminate his controversial populism and rile the crowd against his enemies, whether perceived or real: Jews, Marxists, foreign powers, whatever the situation demanded, he said in an occasion: “ Make the lie big, make it simple, keep saying it, and eventually they will believe it.”
Hitler’s final grasp for power was the negotiation to have “temporary” power, with such power he could act without consent of parliament or the German constitution, this was the Enabling Act. In the meantime his military force were threatening the parliament with the treat of war, if they refuse. Without much choice they had to give him what he wanted and Hitler became absolute ruler of Germany. On August 2, 1934 the German president Paul Von Hindenburg dies, and upon his death the German army swears an oath of personal loyalty to Hitler, his dictatorship thus rest on his position as head of state, head of government, and leader of the Nazi Party, Hitler’s official title was now Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor.
The Nazi camp system started as a system of repression against political opponent of the Nazi state, specially communists and socialists at the beginning. About 1935 Jews where also imprisoned because they were seen as racially and biologically inferior. During WWII the Nazi camps expanded rapidly and the purpose of the camps changed from imprisonment to forced labor and outright murder. He said on January 30th, 1939: “ I want today to be prophet again: if international Jewry inside and outside of Europe should succeed in plunging the nations once more into a world war, the result will no be the Bolshevisation of the earth and therefore the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe.” Within 3 years the number of prisoners went from around 25 000 before the war to 100 000 in 1942, by the end of the war the amount of prisoners reported was more than 700 000. Germans deported Jews from all over the occupied parts of Europe to extermination camps located in Poland, and concentration camps where they were systematically killed. Hitler’s rule is known as the reign of terror in Germany.
Brower, D., & Sanders, T. (2014). The world in the twentieth century: From empires to nations (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
Longerich, H. P. (2003). Hitler’s Role in the Persecution of the Jews by the Nazi Regime. Atlanta: Emory University. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
What all did it take for a Jewish person to legally (and with the government’s blessing) immigrate from Germany to another country in the mid-late 1930s? What all did they have to do and what all did they have to give up to make that happen?