Qualitative Design recommendation

Comment on the suitability of your peer’s proposed research question(s) and research design. Has your colleague chosen the most appropriate qualitative design to answer the question(s) posed? Why, or why not? What other design option(s), besides the one you selected for your own post, would you recommend to study the proposed research question? Review the ethical issues your colleague raised in his or her post and suggest other issues that should be considered when conducting this research. (SEE JULIE WILLIAMS POST BELOW)

Week 4 Discussion

Julie Williams Post
Persistent Depressive Disorder, also known as Dysthymia, is a chronic depressive disorder where the person that has been diagnosed has experienced a “depressed mood, for most of the day, for more days than not, for at least two years” (APA, 2013). On top of this depressed mood, they must also experience two or more other symptoms such as low energy or fatigue, poor appetite or overeating, low self-esteem, feelings of helplessness, and so on. When talking about this diagnosis in children they only have to experience the symptoms for a least one year instead of the two years like the adults do (APA, 2013).

Research Question:

People who are diagnosed with Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD), how do they get through each day when they have been doing it for so long.

Research and Design:

The Grounded Theory Approach (GT) is the best qualitative measure to use in this scenario. Grounded Theory is a combination or merges of data collection and analysis. It studies both people’s experiences with a process while it continuously looks at behavioral patterns. The GT looks at the what, who, and the why of the situation that is going on and of what is being analyzed (Frost, 2011). People who suffer from Persistent Depressive Disorder have done so for so long that it would be interesting to see what each day is like for them. How they get through each day and how they cope, why they may do some of the things that they do. In order for this to be research qualitatively, I would suggest using the GT theory and doing so, doing a combination of the participant observation and the semi-formal interview.
The participant observation would allow for the observer to be within the setting of the person that has been diagnosed and watching/observing the everyday interactions of the subject. Being able to see how and why the subject interacts the way that they do and see how they cope with different situations that may arise will give the observer a better understanding of what is going on. The second part I would use is a semi-formal interview. Being able to ask open-ended questions allows for the subject to give out information in a way that would feel like they are in control of the conversation while the observer was still able to control the direction of the conversation in order to get the information that is needed for the study.

Ethical Concerns:

Ethical concerns that would arise is making sure that we have all consent forms signed stating that the patient agrees to participate in the study, 8.02 (APA, 2017). That the patient agrees to allow for the observer to observe in their surroundings, and that they agree to the interviews, 9.02A, (APA, 2017). Also, it needs to be made clear that the patient understands what is going and is updated about it all.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
American Psychological Association. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct: Including 2010 and 2016 amendments (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx
Frost, N. (2011). Qualitative research methods in psychology. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

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