Phonetics – Assignment 2 PART 2
Each student should complete and submittheir own assignment.That means: all components that you submit should have been performed by you and written by you in your own words.
However, we recognize that some students may benefit from being able to work through the technical aspects of this assignment with others. In order to maintain Academic Integrity: if you discussed this assignment with other students, such as in a study group or group chat, you should credit them by writing their name(s) in the space below and briefly stating how they helped you with working through the assignment.
This assignment was prepared and completed by:
I consulted with the following students while working on the assignment:
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…and the following page for things to watch out for when working in a study group:
Answer the following questions based on the formant values you measured for Assignment 2 Part 1:
A good answer to each of these questions would make clear references to specific formant values and would reflect an understanding of what differences in F1 and/or F2 imply.
Presence or absence of Canadian Raising
- Given your formant values for bout bowed and bite vs. bide, does your speech exhibitCanadian Raising? Explain.
- How do your formant values for bout and bite compare to the formant values you measured for the word but? Would it be accurate to transcribe your vowel in bout as [ʌw] and your vowel in bite as [ʌj]? Explain.
Vowels before /ɹ/
- Our course transcription conventions use the lax vowels /ɪ/ /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ to transcribe vowels before /ɹ/. Is this accurate given your pronunciation of these vowels in beer, bear, and bore? To answer this question, you should consider:
- How do the formant values for the vowel in beer compare to the vowels you produced for beat and bit?
- How do the formant values for the vowel in bear compare to the vowels you produced forbait and bet?
- How do the formant values for the vowel in bore compare to the vowels you produced for boat and boy?
- How do the formant values for the vowel in bar compare to the vowels you produced forbat and bought? How about compared to bowed and bide? What does this tell you about your articulation of the vowel in bar? Does your pronunciation of /ɑ/ in bar exhibit fronting? Explain.
Presence or absence of /æ/-raising
- In class, we learned that many young Canadian English speakers exhibit /æ/-raising before nasals and/or velars. According to your formant values for ban, bag, and bang, does your speech exhibit /æ/-raising? If so, is it more prominent before nasals or before velars, or is it equally prominent before both? To answer this question, you should compare the formant values for the vowels in ban, bag, and bang to the vowels you produced in bat and bet.