Canadian electoral reforms Assignment | Online Assignment


it SHOULD be according to the outline and i ahve already uploaded the outline.. 1.      Final Paper Once you have sufficiently researched your topic, formulated a thesis statement and outline, and figured out how to describe your argument in less than a page (i.e. the previous assignment) putting it all into final paper form is surprisingly easy.  It will also result in a better organized paper, the main argument of which will be easier for the reader to comprehend. Your final paper should be roughly 1,500 words.  More information about requirements will be given later in the semester. Due: August 4th


Paper synopsis and outline







Udaykirat Singh


Paper synopsis and outline


Thesis Statement

The paper argues how recent Canadian electoral reforms have promoted democracy and fairness before and after the voting process. Canada has gone through key electoral reforms that have proved to uphold and protect Canadian citizens’ democratic rights compared to earlier electoral policies.


  1. Introduction to the problem and thesis statement
  • Introduction: the paper will give general and substantive information about the research topic
  • Thesis statement: how recent Canadian electoral reforms have promoted democracy.
  1. Auditing how past academic materials advocate about the amendment of the electoral act in Canada
  • Canadian electoral reforms are influencing the consumption of non-benefit associations on political commercials.
  • Review the arguments from policy and research (2019) article

Main ideas being how the new electoral reforms have secured and defended respectability:-

  • It was directing political elements whereby the changes confined the third parties from overspending in a political promotion through setting constraints.
  • Will also reflect on Cameroon (2020) study.
  • Electoral reforms have improved integrity, in this manner expanding voter turnout.
  • Karanicolas (2019) talks about how the change in language use over the social media platforms has improved the integrity in the electoral process and increasing the democracy.
  • The paper will refer from Ahmad Tariq (2019 ) on how amendment of the electoral system has responded to misinformation in media to ensure democracy.
  1. Electoral reforms are establishing mini-publics to air their ideologies democratically and diminishing/ silencing the online public political debates that encourage misinformation.
  • John Cameroon’s articles about how new electoral reforms silenced the political debate

Escobar, Oliver, and Stephen’s article talk about how the formation of mini-publics has promoted democracy.

  1. Conclusion
  • Summing up point in the body and re-stating the thesis.









Democracy in Canada had been a major political challenge in recent past years. However, recent amendments of the Canada Election Act have promoted democracy by establishing multi-pronged strategies that embraced people’s electoral rights. This paper will expound how series of recent electoral reforms have promoted democracy in Canada. The paper will be content-oriented through a review of scholarly materials.  Some of the aspects the paper will address are how electoral reforms have led to the establishment of mini-publics and silencing of political debates. The section will also show how mini-publics have created room for less privileged to participate in politics successfully without encountering obstacles such as lack of finance to advertise for their manifesto, thus increasing democracy. The body section will also depict how stringent regulations aimed at curbing electoral misinformation have improved integrity. Again, the paper will show how a reduction of cost on political advertisement by the non-profit organizations has improved democracy. The final section will reflect on the conclusion whereby all the impacts of recent Canadian electoral reforms on democracy will be re-stated.


Annotated Bibliography

Policy, and Research (2019), Overview of Major Legislative Changes (September 2017 – June 2019)

This article reviews major legislative changes in Canada between 2017 and 2019 and describes the amendment of the Canada Elections Act in 2018. Besides, the article explains the benefits that voters can derive from these amendments. The article also shows how the Election Act was amended with respect to election administration, increasing citizens’ voting chances, and protecting and enforcing electoral integrity.  This is the main point of my paper’s argument that I will spend most of my time arguing about.



Karanicolas, Michael. “Subverting Democracy to Save Democracy: Canada’s Extra-Constitutional Approaches to Battling’Fake News’.” This article was drafted for publication in the Canadian Journal of Law and Technology 17.2 (2019).

This article states the Canada Election Act modified the language that barred people from making any false statement. The article argues that the internet is a challenge to democracy because itposed problems to the electoral process. The author says the internet encourages the transmission of misinformation, particularly social media platforms that spread unscrutinized information. He argues that reforms related to misinformation on Elections Modernization Acts have boosted integrity, thus increasing transparency and accountability in the election process.



Ahmad, Tariq. “Government Responses To Disinformation On Social Media Platforms”. Loc.Gov, 2019,


This article argues that the Canadian government only acknowledges the vital duty of social media platforms is to promote a healthy democracy.  It states that the Canadian government has established a multi-pronged approach that will ensure electoral system observes all the required necessities to promote democracy. This article reports that Elections Modernization Acts enacted in 2017 has promoted democracy because social media platforms are prohibited on false statement aimed at influencing elections. It presents that if the election is influenced, people may end choosing wrong people due to misinformation.




Cameron, John D. “How Canada’s New Election Law Has Silenced Political Debate”. The Conversation, 2020,


The authors argue that the June 2019 electoral reforms required the third parties such as non-profit groups to register themselves in case they spend more than $500 on political advertising.  The authors report that the new Election Canada stringent regulations have epitome influence in silencing the voices of many Canadian organizations on a wide range of public policy issues.  He argues that silencing impacts has led to a balance between free speech, especially to those less privileged groups and encourages the development of wealthy individual and corporation who can embrace democracy. However, the author’s study seems to have limitations because he says that setting political advertisement cost threats healthy public debate. Therefore, when there are no healthy public debates, it translates that democracy is not fully attained.



Escobar, Oliver, and Stephen Elstub. “Forms of mini-publics: An introduction to deliberative innovations in democratic practice.” New Democracy. Research and Development Note 4 (2017).

Escobar, Olivier, and Stephen (2017) examine the consideration and involvement of mini-publics introduced in the electoral reforms in the campaign to establish and uphold democracy in Canada and other countries. The article presents various democratic innovations and describes key features that can improve Citizens’ opportunities to participate in public deliberations and participatory governance. The article also narrates a brief history of the origin of various methods, such as creating citizens’ juries and assemblies that were meant to promote democracy and are still being used in Canada. The authors’ arguments provide the framework within which I will write my paper.





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